by Laura Powell
Co-Ministry Director, Truth of Genesis
Do We Know Moses Wrote Genesis?
When I was in 4-H many years ago, I did a genealogy project where I traced my ancestral history and made a family tree. Although I could only go back about four generations, it was a good research activity. More recently, my mother in law gave our family the gift of tracing our roots, and I found out through a DNA testing company that I was more Danish than I thought, and less German than I had assumed. It’s fascinating to discover pieces of information about my personal pedigree, but even more intriguing is the wonderment of the lineage of humankind.
All people need to know where they came from. It’s natural to wonder about our history. How did we get here? Who were our ancestors? History taught in elementary school doesn’t go back far enough to cover these details. However, the Bible gives us a narrative about how humans were formed, and how we dispersed over the planet. When I open my New International Version Bible on the first page, before each book, the author is listed on the side. My NIV Bible states Moses is the author, not only of Genesis, but also the next four books as well. Together, these five books are also known as the Pentateuch or the books of the law. Bible studies and reading plans will often refer to the collection by these names. But, how do we know Moses wrote Genesis?
First, the Old Testament attributes authorship to Moses. We can read in the Old Testament fourteen times where Moses is directed by God to write down things being spoken to Him. Let’s look at Exodus 17:14a, “Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure Joshua hears it.” Another scripture from Exodus states, “Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said.” (Exodus 24:4a). Other places Moses is given authorship are found in Exodus 34:27; Numbers 33:1-2; Deuteronomy 31:9-11; Joshua 1:8; 8:31-32; 1Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 14:6; 21:8; Ezra 6:18; Nehemiah 13:1; Daniel 9:11-13; and Malachi 4:4.  How does this prove Moses wrote Genesis? It can be inferred that Moses was given direct revelation from God on what to write throughout the first five books of the Bible.
Second, the New Testament gives Moses credit. We find fourteen references in the New Testament that refer to the Law of Moses, clearly stating that in the mind of the Jewish people the authorship was not in question, but rather presupposed as Moses. When Jesus says in Mark 12:26, “Have you not read in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’” He is not questioning whether or not Moses wrote the book, but rather using it as a reference. If Moses was not the inspired journalist wouldn’t Jesus have corrected the matter? Instead, He affirms it. Other New Testament scripture references can be found in Matthew 8:4; Luke 16:29; Luke 24:27; Luke 24:44; John 5:46; John 7:22; Acts 3:22; Acts 15:1; Acts 28:23; Romans 10:5; Romans 10:19; 1 Corinthians 9:9; and 2 Corinthians 3:15. 
Third, Moses had a royal, Egyptian upbringing. The privileges afforded to him growing up under the Pharaoh would have included a royal education. In Acts 7:22 it states that “Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was powerful in speech and action.” He was an eyewitness to the events that occurred in Exodus to Deuteronomy, which include references to Egyptian gods, people, places, cultural factors, and idioms.  He was qualified to write these historical books.
Fourth, he was a prophet. He was regarded as an inspired teacher and proclaimer of the will of God.  On the mountain of Sinai he was given the ten commandments to share with the Israelites (Exodus 20:2-17). He foretold that Israel would become a wasteland (Deut. 29:23), and he proclaimed that the Jewish people would never be completely destroyed (Lev. 26:32-33).  Because Moses was used by God to tell future events, could we also imagine that God used him to pen past events as well?
When we study the history of human kind, God told Moses to write down that we were formed out of the dust of the earth. A man and woman, not a young boy or girl, were created as the first humans, and given the names Adam and Eve. God explained to Moses (perhaps directly and/or through written accounts) that Adam and Eve had children, and they had children. Eventually God causes them to disperse over the globe taking with them their unique languages and DNA that would form specific people groups. In closing, God spoke to Moses face to face as a man, as one speaks to a friend (Exodus 33:11). God really had a deep, personal, intimate relationship with his child, Moses, and wanted to use him to tell His story. Moses was called a friend of God. He gave Moses the amazing replay of the history of the first humans, and we can trust his account.
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.89
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.90-93
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.94
 Oxford Dictionary, prophet, Bing Translator
 Aboutbibleprophecy.com, Moses’ prophecies