by Terri Kammerzell
Truth of Genesis Ministry Partner
This coming Monday (November 9) happens to be “Chaos Never Dies Day.” I know—who thinks of these things, right? But somebody did. And on the website TimeAndDate.com, you can find some ways to “celebrate” and also the thinking behind the annual reminder: “Feel like your life sometimes spirals into a chaotic mess? . . . This made-up holiday encourages people to realize that chaos is part of life and that it will never die.”
Believe it or not, when I made my blog plans for the year, I did not realize how close this “holiday” was to this historic U.S. Presidential election. I also didn’t know that the “fourteen days to flatten the curve” would turn into almost eight months (and counting) of restrictions, regulations, and the chaotic control it has become. I also really didn’t know that my pastor would be in the middle of a sermon series called Living with Confidence in a Chaotic World. Nevertheless, chaos is the theme all over right now.
What I did know is that I wanted to use the opportunity of “Chaos Never Dies Day” to introduce you to my Fun Fact about the Second Law of Thermodynamics:
What does the Second Law of Thermodynamics state?
The Second Law of Thermodynamics, also known as the law of entropy, says that the total entropy of the universe can never decrease. This law confirms the universe had a beginning.
Several months ago, I introduced you to the word “entropy.” Entropy is a measure of disorder. When something is orderly (or “very good”) and it becomes disorderly, the amount of change in order can sometimes be measured by its entropy. In that blog post, I was specifically relating it to “genetic entropy,” also known as “gene depletion,” because we do see this kind of tendency toward disorder when it comes to our DNA, whether from generation to generation or within a person’s life.
But more commonly, we associate entropy with the Second Law of Thermodynamics. In this case, we talk about the amount of usable energy that is available. This is something I teach my chemistry students about, and it helps us understand what chemical reactions could or could not happen, based on the amount of energy they release or absorb from their surroundings. What is interesting is that when you study science and read more about the technicalities of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, there are some specific aspects to it that some scientists disagree on.
For example, some Creation scientists disagree about whether the Second Law was in place before Adam sinned or if it was put into place as part of the Curse. Some scientists are quick to point out that the Second Law is not the same thing as genetic entropy or necessarily the same thing as a general tendency toward disorder—or chaos. Evolutionists have a hard time overcoming the Second Law in their hypotheses about organisms becoming more complex over time, but creationists sometimes put too much emphasis on the Second Law as a definitive answer to disprove evolution. The law itself can be somewhat complicated to understand. Although I have several articles on my website regarding the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the one I would most encourage you to read if you would like to know more specifically about it would be this one by Dr. Jason Lisle.
For my blog post here, I want to draw your attention to the part of my Fun Fact that says, “This law confirms the universe had a beginning.” From the standpoint of the Second Law confirming the beginning of the universe, this truth doesn’t necessarily eliminate many evolutionary theories, as even many of them do acknowledge a beginning. However, one of the interesting points Dr. Lisle offers in his article mentioned above is that since the universe had a beginning, it also had to have a cause.
So, to me, this Fun Fact has two great take-aways:
But at the end of the day, I always want to emphasize to you the hope that we have in our living God. Even in the midst of uncertainty and ever-growing chaos, we know nothing comes as a surprise to Him, and He has the end all planned out. Do you know this God? If not, today would be a great day to get to know Him!
Don’t just take my word for it! Visit YouFormedMe.com/geology/secondLaw.html to read, watch, and listen to supporting research and commentary from scientists, doctors, theologians, and more!
This blog is from a special series of “Creation Fun Facts” by Terri Kammerzell, starting from June 10, 2020. Read the introduction at TruthOfGenesis.com/blogs/building-a-biblical-defense-of-creation.
by Terri Kammerzell
Truth of Genesis Ministry Partner
With Father’s Day coming this Sunday and graduates being honored this month, how about adding one more reason to celebrate: the giraffe! This Sunday happens to be World Giraffe Day. It’s actually an annual event every June 21, chosen specifically to draw attention to the longest-necked animal (currently living) in the world on the longest day (depending on your hemisphere) of the year.
by Terri Kammerzell
Truth of Genesis Ministry Partner
In 2009, God started me on two new paths in my life: homeschooling my fifth-grade son and working for a large retailer. In regard to the first, right from the start I made the choice to not only forego public charter funding, but to pay tuition and out-of-pocket expenses for curriculum so that we could be part of a Christian homeschool advisory program. To me, it was a no-brainer. I didn’t want to just add a Bible class to teach my son about the Lord. I knew, having been a Christian since I was four years old, that God is not only our Savior but also the author of logic and the source of all reason. To truly give my son a Christian education, I wanted him to study curricula that pointed to God’s role in every aspect of learning: the providential guidance of the forming of the United States, the literary devices woven through the Bible, the fact that math is the way God thinks about numbers, and—especially—the science that supports the truths found in the Bible.
I grew up in a church that taught biblical Creation. On multiple occasions I attended conferences with Ken Ham, Dr. Gish, and Dr. Morris. I learned about Creation. I took notes about the importance of Genesis. And I submitted those notes to my Christian schoolteachers for extra credit. I knew Whom I had believed: I believed in the Creator of the World. He was my Savior, and someday I would spend eternity with Him.
Throughout my adult life, trials and temptations have come and gone, and I’ve had periods of time when my relationship with the Lord and my commitment to Him have struggled, but I’ve never wavered from my faith in His saving grace.
When I worked for the large retailer, my coworkers knew I was a Christian. My coworkers knew I homeschooled my son. My coworkers knew my faith was strong. But the only questions I ever fielded about any of those was why I would homeschool, and boy, was I armed with answers to those questions!
Over the five years working there, I watched the company and my store slide down a scale of trading traditional biblical values for socially acceptable, but very immoral, ideals. I knew it was not just my company, but the country and the world in general. The longer I kept working there, the more I felt my convictions contradicting with those of the company for which I was driving profitable sales. And the longer I had to reconcile this internal conflict, the more unsettled I was, and the less satisfaction I received from any “job well done” remarks I heard from my bosses.
Finally, in 2014, I felt the Lord calling me away from there, to focus on homeschooling my own son more hands-on, and to ministering to other homeschool families through tutoring and teaching co-op classes.
In my last days at the retail store while training my female replacement, I had a rude awakening. She was very outspoken about her disbelief in God and her acceptance of the company’s unbiblical ideals. One day she challenged my faith. She started asking me questions about why I could believe in the Genesis story as truth, when so much “evidence” that contradicted it existed. She had studied her public-school textbooks. She had learned evolution from her public-school textbooks. She believed her public-school textbooks.
And me? A Christian for some three decades? I had no logical answer to give her. And I had attended Creation conferences. I had learned from Ken Ham, Dr. Gish, and Dr. Morris. But I was totally unarmed in this battle. Because even though I studied, learned, and believed, I never took it to the next level. I never comprehended 1 Peter 3:15—to “always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks [me] a reason for the hope that is in [me], with meekness and fear” (NKJV).
And there lay the challenge. What good were my convictions if I couldn’t defend my belief? How was I bringing glory to God or advancing His kingdom if I couldn’t even answer her questions to defend the Word of God and the science that supports it?
Thus, I’ve made it my mission these past six years to study Creation apologetics. And not only to study, but to teach. It’s my desire to make sure my son and the other homeschool students I am entrusted with learn answers to the questions they will encounter like I did.
If you’ve spent some time studying Creation apologetics, you will understand this next truth. There is a lot to learn, and no way to remember it all!
And so, in 2015 I came up with an idea to help my students remember at least some of the key points of design and biblical Creation: 49 Fundamental Facts. Or, for short- “Fun Facts!” I created seven facts for seven categories. They are simple question-answer building blocks that lay a foundation for being able to give a defense for design.
Those Fun Facts are now displayed on my website, YouFormedMe.com, and presented with clickable links to resources that expound on the truths. Over the next year, it will be my privilege to share them with you, one per week, and to give you a little insight about how we can know they are true.
Instead of taking a long, one-week, vacation, this past summer our family did two extended weekends away. Our first trip was to Cincinnati and Kentucky. The first day held a Cardinals versus Reds game at the Great American Ballpark, in the over ninety-degree heat. Even though it was hot, the Cardinals beat the Reds with a final score of twelve to eleven, and since we are Redbird fans, the evening was awesome.
Day two of our weekend vacation meant indoor air-conditioning and the Creation Museum, both of which I was excited to experience. My husband and I had the privilege of visiting the museum a few years after it opened in 2007. However, this was the first visit for our fourteen-year-old son, and parents know experiencing things through the eyes of your child is priceless. Whether you are planning to visit for the first time, or you have been before, this list will provide you with the terrific tips for making the most of your time there. You can also find our top ten tips for visiting the Creation Museum’s sister attraction, The Ark, here.
The Creation Museum highlights our amazing Creator and is a must-see attraction for anyone interested in exploring a visual representation of the book of Genesis, and the history of the world. Located in Petersburg, Kentucky, make plans to experience this state-of-the-art facility, where millions of people have been impacted by the way the Bible comes to life!
10. DO THE 4-D SHOW. Right after you enter the museum, the 4-D theater is on the right. Our son wanted to do this half hour show first thing. A clock outside the theater counts down until the next viewing. The workers give you 3-D glasses to wear once inside, and there is a caution given for people who are sensitive to flashing lights or are prone to seizures. The 4-D elements are water and wind. We were one of the last guests to enter, so we had to sit on the end of a front aisle. We didn’t feel any water but children next to us did. We did feel bursts of air during those thematic parts. It was an incredible show on the six days of creation, and we think it’s a must see for everyone who visits the museum.
9. LISTEN TO THE GUEST LECTURE. Georgia Purdom was the staff lecturer of the day, and we listened to her hour-long presentation after we finished the 4-D show. If you’ve never heard any of the speakers from Answers in Genesis, they offer fantastic presentations answering tough questions in easily understandable language. I’ve heard the material before, and it still was interesting to me! Click Here to watch her talk: youtu.be/yt0LdAtNLe0
8. STOP FOR FUDGE. Our family loves chocolate, and our fourteen-year-old couldn’t resist Uncle Leroy’s fudge shop, right outside the lecture hall. They carry many different varieties, including mint chocolate, buckeye, and maple pecan. We settled for a half-pound of plain chocolate, and it was delicious.
7. WALK THE GROUNDS. The botanical gardens are beautiful and offer over one mile of paved walking trails. You can stroll through a butterfly garden, wobble along a suspension bridge, or take a selfie by a small waterfall. It was an abnormally hot day, in the mid-nineties, and there was enough shade, so it was not unbearable. The gardens are meticulously maintained and easy to navigate.
6. ENJOY EXCELLENT EATING OPTIONS. For lunch we ate at Noah’s Café, which is located on the top floor, inside the museum. They have hot items like paninis, cheeseburgers, and chicken, or cold sandwiches, such as wraps, chicken salad, and more. There is a small salad bar, fresh fruit, and yogurt as well. Another eating spot, the Palm Café, is located downstairs, and it had pizza. We also stopped at the Noah’s Coffee (which is next to Noah’s Café), where we all had ice cream before we left.
5. PICK FROM PLENTY OF PICNIC SPOTS. While our hot day didn’t warrant weather for outdoor eating, there are plenty of picnic spots with long tables available. If you have young children, you could eat lunch outdoors and then enjoy the new playground. These are in close proximity to each other on the grounds.
4. ESTIMATE AT LEAST AN HOUR FOR THE 7 C’s EXHIBIT. Whether you’re looking to visualize what Adam and Eve may have looked like, see an animatronic dinosaur, or compare differences between the evolutionary story and Biblical history, the 7 C’s exhibit is the place to go! It will take about an hour to walk through it quickly. Plan for more time, if you want to stop and read the information more thoroughly.
3. GET A PARKING PASS. When you exit the gated museum, you will need to have a parking pass. You can get them at the Creation Museum Admissions or Guest Services. Estimate $5.00 for a standard vehicle and $10.00 for an oversized vehicle.
2. ZIPLINERS SHOULD GET A RESERVATION. One of the many side attractions at the museum is ziplining. If you want to do one of the many different packages of ziplining courses, the museum recommends you make a reservation in advance. If you call 859-586-3568 the Screaming Raptor Ziplining service line will ask you to leave a message, if they don’t answer.
1. SEE THE SHOW AT THE PLANETARIUM! Hands down, the most impactful experience for all of us, this time at the museum, was seeing the Created Cosmos at the Stargazer’s Planetarium. There are two shows to choose from, the one we saw, or Aliens: Fact or Fiction. The shows are 23 minutes long, and separate tickets are required. We had a lifetime membership pass, which included the $9.00 per person cost of the show. The thirty-foot-diameter dome helps simulate a space-like experience, and the content of the show humbled us, making us feel the awe and wonder of our amazing God.
Ministry Co-Director of Truth of Genesis
In a few weeks our thirteen-year old son will be taking the United States Constitution test. He must pass it in order to move to eighth grade, so over lunch we studied flashcards to prepare. One question dealt with ‘unalienable rights.’ In the Declaration of Independence these well-known words are penned, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
A few flashcards later the question was posed, “Did the Constitution abolish slavery?” He quickly said “no,” which was the correct answer. So much in our human existence consists of juxtaposition. Our worldviews don’t always line up logically or morally. The stark contrast of the founding fathers allowing slavery while eloquently stating mankind’s equality is as glaringly opposed as darkness is to light.
Just as Solomon tells us in Ecclesiastes, “there is nothing new under the sun,” our sinful condition is evident in all periods of time in human history, even now. Slavery did not begin in the United States. The first account of harsh bondage of one group to another is described in the book of Exodus when the Egyptians were enslaving the Israelites. Yet, racism and slavery are grievously unmistakable in our country’s history.
Slavery, in what became the United States, most likely is traced to the arrival of approximately twenty enslaved Africans to the British colony of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. It ended legally when the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified in 1865. Some slave buyers, transporters and owners tragically used erroneous “Biblical theology,” designated ‘the curse of Ham,’ to rationalize their heinous deeds.
Thousands of years ago, shortly after the global flood, Noah’s youngest son, Ham, sinned against him. After the incident, described in Genesis 9, Noah cursed Canaan (who was Ham’s youngest son.) Noah said, “Cursed be Canaan, a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren,” In Exodus 9:25.
Why did God curse his grandson Canaan if it was Ham that sinned against him? Biblical scholars disagree on this topic. Professor James J.S. Johnson theorizes that Canaan may have been to blame for the sinful act, and therefore received the punishment. Dr. Jonathan Sarfati proposes several possible reasons why Canaan was cursed instead of Ham. One, God already blessed Noah’s three sons, so Noah couldn’t counteract God’s blessing with a curse. Two, since Ham sinned as the youngest son, he would be punished with a curse on his own youngest son. Three, Canaan may have been the perpetrator of the sinful act. Four, it was an act of mercy, because only one of Ham’s sons was affected. Five, Noah discerned that the evil that appeared in Ham had developed to a greater degree in Canaan.
Regardless of the reason, Canaan received the curse. Why then did people cite the ‘curse of Ham’ when they justified enslaving African-Americans? David Goldberg, a historian, states that errors were made when interpreting the Hebrew word ‘Ham’ to mean ‘dark,’ ‘black’ or ‘heat.’ The descendants of Ham included the Sumerians, the Egyptians, the Ethiopians, and there is a good possibility it included some of the Asiatic nations of the present as well. Although not all of these people groups have black skin, (the Canaanites were painted in Egyptian murals to have olive skin), misguided individuals proclaimed that dark-skinned people were doomed to be slaves because of the prophecy given to them from Noah.
As Tony Evans states, when addressing this issue, “This process is known as sacralization, the development of theological and religious beliefs to serve the interest of a particular ethnic or racial group.”Slave owners dolefully used twisted beliefs to give themselves ‘permission’ to treat others in ways God would not approve. God is clear in His Word when He tells us the entire law is fulfilled when you love others as you would love yourself. He does not advocate, anywhere in His Word or express in His character, that slavery is acceptable. In fact, anyone caught kidnapping a person and keeps or sells him, is to be put to death, God says in Exodus 21:16. God’s two greatest desires are that we love Him and that we love others. Anyone striving to follow the teachings of Jesus Christ would honor what He asks us to do. When Abraham Lincoln said, “slavery is founded in the selfishness of man’s nature,” he rightfully identified selfishness, and not the curse of Ham, was the root of slavery in America.
 www.usconstitution.net/declar.html. Accessed February 10, 2019.
 www.nationalgeographic.com/interactive/slavery-united-states. Accessed February 10, 2019.
 Johnson, James J.S.. “Mankind’s Social Dynamics After Eden.” Institute for Creation Research. 2011. Page 12-14.
 Sarfati, Dr. Jonathan D.. “The Genesis Account.” Creation Book Publishers. 2015. Page 621
 Lee, Felicia R.. “From Noah’s Curse to Slavery’s Rationale.” www.nytimes.com/2003/11/01/arts/from-noah-s-curse-to-slavery-s-rationale.html. 2003. Accessed February 14, 2019.
 Morris, Henry M. “The Genesis Record.” Baker Books. 2009. Page 238.
 Sarfait, Dr. Jonathan D. “The Genesis Account.” Creation Book Publishers. 2015. Page 623
 Evans, Tony. “Are Black People Cursed? The Curse of Ham.” www.epm.org/resources/2010/Jan/18/are-black-people-cursed-curse-Ham. January 18, 2010. Accessed February 15, 2019.
by Dave Powell
Ministry Director - Truth of Genesis
One of the things that I remember growing up and going to school was the teaching of evolutionary theory. We were taught that there were different races of people and some were just better than others. Fortunately for me, the humanistic philosophy of evolution taught in schools never became racism. I never really thought much about people being of other races, and I treated them all the same. When my parents were working, a Japanese couple on the Air Force base we lived on took care of me as if I was one of their own. I’m told they loved me very much.
In high school I was chosen to be my school’s representative at a weeklong cultural diversity camp called “Anytown Arizona”. At the student union in college, I lunched every day with Asians, Blacks and people from the Middle East. I ignored “racial divisions” as best I could. Sometime after my college years I had a deal with a neighborhood friend from my elementary years that if neither of us were married by a certain age we would get married. Her black skin didn’t hinder me from strongly caring for her. But there was still a very ugly world out there whose history came directly out of the “scientific” notions of Charles Darwin.
According to the book, Darwin’s Plantation, “Biological arguments for racism may have been common before 1850 but they increased by orders of magnitude following the acceptance of evolutionary theory.” Darwin did more than anybody to give people an excuse for racism based upon physical differences through his books “On the Origin of Species and The Descent of Man. Because he “proved” that humans descended from apes it was natural for scientists to theorize that some races had descended further than others. In his opinion, some races (i.e. the white ones) had left the others far behind. Particularly pygmy people, according to evolutionary thought, had hardly matured at all.
Of course, we know sin is the ultimate cause of racism. But Darwin’s theories gave people scientific “proof” that some people were just inferior to others. Darwinian scientists have been trying to place some races closer to apes and others higher on the evolutionary scale since its inception. The justifications are formed solely on outward appearance, even though modern genetics have clearly proven our slight differences are no deeper than our skin color.
Humanistic ideas are most dangerous when put into practice. The concepts of evolution were put into a social framework by Friedrich Nietzsche, who strongly believed in the “science” and the concept of a “master race.” Sound familiar? Well, it should. Adolf Hitler was an ardent evolutionist, as were Stalin and Mao. Sir Arthur Keith, one of the twentieth centuries premier evolutionary anthropologist’s, said, “The German Fuhrer…has consciously sought to make the practice of Germany conform to the theory of evolution.” I won’t go into great detail of Hitler’s genocide against the Jews, Gypsies and others who he saw as inferior. He was just following Darwin’s so called “science” of evolution and putting it into practice for his own gain. While Darwin saw darker skinned people as inferior, Hitler expanded the concept to other Europeans. Evil knows no bounds and will use any intellectual concept of man to further its agenda of serving the “god of this world.”
One of the great, but lesser known, atrocities of Darwin’s time was the genocide of the Aborigines who were “studied” with the desire of finding the “missing link” between apes and humans. As a side note, there has never been a verified “missing link” anywhere along the evolutionary tree. Skeletal remains of perhaps ten-thousand Aborigines were sent to British museums as evolutionary “scientists” engaged in a feeding frenzy of study. The Smithsonian Institute in America holds over fifteen-thousand remains. Unfortunately, grave robbing did not satisfy these evolutionists. Edward Ramsay, who was curator of the Australian Museum beginning in 1874, not only put out a pamphlet on grave robbing but also described how “…to plug bullet wounds from freshly killed ‘specimens’”. Ken Ham further describes in his book Darwin’s Plantation that at Ramsay’s request a scientist sent him the skulls of the last two members of the Bungee Blacks tribe that he had shot. 
Unfortunately, there are many more horrible examples of evolutionary racism in action. Ota Benga, a Pygmy from Africa, was put on display at the 1904 St. Louis World’s fair after his family was slaughtered.  This despite evidence that pygmies were actually very intelligent and monotheistic. Those facts, among others, didn’t suit the evolutionary dogma. Racism continued strongly in practice with groups like the Ku Klux Klan and policies like “Separate but Equal.” It continues now in the hearts and minds of individuals because no law can convince them that “… all men are created equal, that they are all endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights…”
So, why didn’t I go down the path of racism since I was a person who really enjoyed science and was taught evolution? I would have to say it had a lot to do with my parents, who were Christians, Jesus who is my Savior, and His word. God’s word contains no reference or support for racism. What it says is exactly the opposite, “…there is no distinction between Jew and Greek; for the same Lord is Lord of all…”. Romans 10:12
Tragically, some people with racist philosophy have tried to use scripture to support their arguments. Genesis 4:3-8 is misinterpreted to be the curse of Ham, which some have used to justify slavery, and we will address this in a separate blog. Instead, the Bible talks about “nations, peoples and languages” in scriptures like Revelation 7:9 and Genesis 10:5 showing us that God created many different people groups. Modern science shows there is little difference between any two people genetically, perhaps 0.1 percent. Only a fraction of that percentage deals with racial differences. Of course, God created language divisions, Genesis 11:9, at the “Tower of Babel”. But the intent wasn’t to discriminate but instead to get people to obey his command to “fill the earth” in Genesis 9:1.
The Bible’s intent is born out in the New Testament in the book of Acts which says, “And He has made from one blood every nation of men to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined their preappointed times and the boundaries of their dwellings”. The language of the Bible is one of love, hope and promise for all people. The only real division in the Bible is between those who know Him and those who don’t. Let’s live as a people not divided, but united, through the one blood of Christ.
 Ham, Ken and Ware, Charles A. Darwin’s Plantation. Master Books. 2007, p. 91.
 Ibid, pp. 90-91.
 Ibid, p. 91.
 Ibid, pp. 16-21.
 Morris, Dr. Henry M. “Evolution and Modern Racism.” www.icr.org/article/evolution-modern-racism. Accessed January 21, 2019.
 Morris, Dr. Henry M. “Evolution and Modern Racism.” www.icr.org/article/evolution-modern-racism. Accessed January 21, 2019.
 Ham, op. cit. p. 91.
 Ibid, pp. 24-25.
 Ibid, pp. 16-21.
 Ham, Ken. “There’s Only One Race.” www.answersingenesis.org/media/audio/answers-with-ken-ham/volume-129/only-one-race. Accessed January 21, 2019.
 The New King James Version. (1982). (Acts 17:26). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
by Laura Powell
Co-Ministry Director, Truth of Genesis
One of my favorite things to do while I eat lunch is to play Classic Words on my Kindle. It’s a game that resembles Scrabble, and it allows me to test my vocabulary prowess. Today while I was playing, I formed a three-letter word, yom. This Hebrew word was accepted by the computer, and it told me the definition of the submission was “day.”
When my husband, Dave, was first studying Biblical Creation I would often pepper him with questions. One of which was, “How are you sure the days in the timeline of the beginning of the world aren’t long?” I wasn’t convinced that God’s six days of work, outlined in Genesis, didn’t happen over lengthy periods of time.
The tiny word yom was a cornerstone in the case. In most of its uses in the Old Testament it means a literal, twenty-four-hour day; and when it doesn’t the context makes it clear.  In Genesis 1:5-2:2, the word yom is used in conjunction with a number (day one, day two, etc.).  In all these instances where yom and a number are used (four hundred and ten times in the Old Testament), the word means an ordinary day, a literal twenty-four-hour period. 
Another place in the Old Testament where the word yom is used is in Exodus 20:9-10. “Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day in a sabbath of the LORD your God.” God is speaking directly to Moses in this passage. As Terry Mortenson says, “If God meant that the Jews were to work six days because He created over six long periods of time, He could have used one of three indefinite Hebrew time words. He chose the only word that means a literal day.”
For most of Christian history the literal six-day creation account was not questioned. Some even wondered why the days would have to have been twenty-four hours. This seemed too long! Christians in Martin Luther’s time thought that God could have created everything instantly. Luther’s response was to stand behind the authority of scripture and not support creative notions of what God “could have done” but instead validate what God did. Luther said:
“When Moses writes that God created heaven and earth and whatever is in them in six days, then let this period continue to have been six days, and do not venture to devise any comment according to which six days were one day. But if you cannot understand how this could have been done in six days, then grant the Holy Spirit the honor of being more learned than you are. For you are to deal with Scripture in such a way that you bear in mind that God Himself says what is written. But since God is speaking, it is not fitting for you wantonly to turn His Word in the direction you wish to go.” 
The change in mindset to long periods of time was driven by hostility to the Christian religion and by extra-biblical influences (influences outside of the Bible) in the nineteenth century.
When I heard the explanation of that tiny Hebrew word, I was convicted that yom meant a literal twenty-four-hour day, and that it could be trusted to mean God created all that we see and know in six literal days. The Genealogies in Genesis 5 and 11 give detailed chronological information that also confirms an approximately 6,000-year-old universe.
If you believe God is all-powerful and able to do things that are incomprehensible to our human minds, speaking the world into existence in a short period of time is only another miracle on His list of many.
 Mortenson, Terry. (2006). Why Shouldn’t Christians Accept Millions of Years. In Ham, K. (ed). The New Answers Book 1. [pg. 26]. Green Forest: Masterbooks.
 Mortenson, Terry. (2006). Why Shouldn’t Christians Accept Millions of Years. In Ham, K (ed). The New Answers Book 1. [pg. 26] Green Forest: Master Books.
 “Does Genesis Chapter 1 Mean Literal 24-hour days?” GotQuestions.Org.
 Mortenson, Terry. (2006) Why Shouldn’t Christians Accept Millions of Years. In Ham, K (ed). The New Answers Book 1. [pg. 27]. Green Forest: Master Books.
 Johnson, James J.S. “Luther The Reformation and Taking Creation Seriously.” Icr.org. Sept. 29th, 2017. ICR.org/article/luther-reformation-taking-creation
 “Luther on the days of creation.” Creation.com. https://creation.com/luther-on-creation-days.
 Ham, Ken. (2006). Could God Really Have Created Everything in Six Days... In Ham, K. (ed). The New Answers Book 1. . Green Forest: Master Books.
 Mortenson, Terry. (2006). Why Shouldn’t Christians Accept Millions of Years. In Ham, K (ed). The New Answers Book 1. [pg. 26]. Green Forest: Master Books.
by Laura Powell
Co-Ministry Director, Truth of Genesis
Who Wrote the Book of Genesis?
When I was in 4-H many years ago, I did a genealogy project where I traced my ancestral history and made a family tree. Although I could only go back about four generations, it was a good research activity. More recently, my mother in law gave our family the gift of tracing our roots, and I found out through a DNA testing company that I was more Danish than I thought, and less German than I had assumed. It’s fascinating to discover pieces of information about my personal pedigree, but even more intriguing is the wonderment of the lineage of humankind.
All people need to know where they came from. It’s natural to wonder about our history. How did we get here? Who were our ancestors? History taught in elementary school doesn’t go back far enough to cover these details. However, the Bible gives us a narrative about how humans were formed, and how we dispersed over the planet. When I open my New International Version Bible on the first page, before each book, the author is listed on the side. My NIV Bible states Moses is the author, not only of Genesis, but also the next four books as well. Together, these five books are also known as the Pentateuch or the books of the law. Bible studies and reading plans will often refer to the collection by these names. But, how do we know Moses wrote Genesis?
First, the Old Testament attributes authorship to Moses. We can read in the Old Testament fourteen times where Moses is directed by God to write down things being spoken to Him. Let’s look at Exodus 17:14a, “Then the LORD said to Moses, “Write this on a scroll as something to be remembered and make sure Joshua hears it.” Another scripture from Exodus states, “Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said.” (Exodus 24:4a). Other places Moses is given authorship are found in Exodus 34:27; Numbers 33:1-2; Deuteronomy 31:9-11; Joshua 1:8; 8:31-32; 1Kings 2:3; 2 Kings 14:6; 21:8; Ezra 6:18; Nehemiah 13:1; Daniel 9:11-13; and Malachi 4:4.  How does this prove Moses wrote Genesis? It can be inferred that Moses was given direct revelation from God on what to write throughout the first five books of the Bible.
Second, the New Testament gives Moses credit. We find fourteen references in the New Testament that refer to the Law of Moses, clearly stating that in the mind of the Jewish people the authorship was not in question, but rather presupposed as Moses. When Jesus says in Mark 12:26, “Have you not read in the book of Moses, in the account of the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’” He is not questioning whether or not Moses wrote the book, but rather using it as a reference. If Moses was not the inspired journalist wouldn’t Jesus have corrected the matter? Instead, He affirms it. Other New Testament scripture references can be found in Matthew 8:4; Luke 16:29; Luke 24:27; Luke 24:44; John 5:46; John 7:22; Acts 3:22; Acts 15:1; Acts 28:23; Romans 10:5; Romans 10:19; 1 Corinthians 9:9; and 2 Corinthians 3:15. 
Third, Moses had a royal, Egyptian upbringing. The privileges afforded to him growing up under the Pharaoh would have included a royal education. In Acts 7:22 it states that “Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was powerful in speech and action.” He was an eyewitness to the events that occurred in Exodus to Deuteronomy, which include references to Egyptian gods, people, places, cultural factors, and idioms.  He was qualified to write these historical books.
Fourth, he was a prophet. He was regarded as an inspired teacher and proclaimer of the will of God.  On the mountain of Sinai he was given the ten commandments to share with the Israelites (Exodus 20:2-17). He foretold that Israel would become a wasteland (Deut. 29:23), and he proclaimed that the Jewish people would never be completely destroyed (Lev. 26:32-33).  Because Moses was used by God to tell future events, could we also imagine that God used him to pen past events as well?
When we study the history of human kind, God told Moses to write down that we were formed out of the dust of the earth. A man and woman, not a young boy or girl, were created as the first humans, and given the names Adam and Eve. God explained to Moses (perhaps directly and/or through written accounts) that Adam and Eve had children, and they had children. Eventually God causes them to disperse over the globe taking with them their unique languages and DNA that would form specific people groups. In closing, God spoke to Moses face to face as a man, as one speaks to a friend (Exodus 33:11). God really had a deep, personal, intimate relationship with his child, Moses, and wanted to use him to tell His story. Moses was called a friend of God. He gave Moses the amazing replay of the history of the first humans, and we can trust his account.
Who wrote Genesis? Logic and sound biblical interpretation say that Moses wrote the Book of Genesis.
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.89
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.90-93
 Ken Ham and Bodie Hodge, How Do We Know the Bible is True: Volume 1 (Master Books, 2011), p.94
 Oxford Dictionary, prophet, Bing Translator
 Aboutbibleprophecy.com, Moses’ prophecies
by Rick McGough
Local Church Apologetics Founder and Director
Local Church Apologetics was birthed in 2016 to respond to the growing need within America for local churches to equip their people in how to defend their Christian faith from the onslaught of a skeptical, unbelieving culture. After pastoring an Assembly of God church in Moline, IL. for 34 years, my wife and I stepped out in faith to follow the Lord’s call to this new ministry venture. Our mission is to impact believers and local churches throughout the nation; challenging, inspiring and equipping them in the area of apologetics.
While pastoring, a growing burden developed in my heart as I saw the attacks upon the Christian faith increasing and the numbers of Christian young people walking away from the Christian faith by the time they graduated from college. I began to study apologetics about 25 years ago and began to incorporate apologetics into my ministry at the church in various ways. Many local churches in America today do not address the issues of apologetics in any way and many others only touch on these issues lightly. I believe this must change! I devoted the remainder of my life to help see this change come about.
Local Church Apologetics involves 4 main focuses of ministry. We seek to assist individual believers in becoming better equipped in how to defend their faith, but we our primary goal is to assist local churches in becoming better equipped to equip their people in these areas. Our 4 focus areas are as follows: (1) Preaching and Teaching in Churches, Schools and Conferences, (2) Producing Apologetics Materials for All Ages (I have recently published my first book entitled, “Faith & Reason Made Simple” and we are now working on a children’s ministry curriculum to be used in local churches to teach their children apologetics.), (3) Coordinating Truth Conferences (see description below), & (4) Developing a Web Site at “localchurchapologetics.org” that will eventually offer Materials for Local Churches to Teach Apologetics at Every Age Level.
In my book “Faith & Reason Made Simple” I have attempted to present the complicated areas of apologetics in a simplified way so that the believer who does not have previous apologetics training can easily digest, memorize and utilize key points which will help them defend their faith. For example, the book explains 6 Scientific Flaws with the Theory of Evolution and gives 8 Levels of Evidence that confirm God Created Everything. It also presents 8 Areas of Evidence which Confirm the Bible is the Word of God. In addition, the book deals with evidences confirming who Jesus Christ is, differences between Christianity and other religions, answers to the questions of skeptics, and a Christian response to issue of Homosexuality. These are all key issues that Christians are facing today.
In the Truth Conferences we bring together speakers like Josh McDowell, Chris Brooks, Eric Hovind, Charlie Campbell, and many others to offer people a full day of training and inspiration. Topics covered include Creation vs. Evolution, How We Know the Bible is the Word of God, The Person of Jesus Christ, Christianity & Islam, The Christian Response to Homosexuality, and Answering the Questions of Skeptics. Phil Stacey, former American Idol finalist serves as our worship leader during the conferences. We believe that apologetics and worship go hand in hand!
In all of our ministry efforts we seek to help believers understand that apologetics and reasoning must be combined with the love of Jesus flowing through our lives and the power of the Holy Spirit guiding our words and actions if we desire to be effective in both defending our faith and reaching the lost for Christ!
Our current focus is the development of a children’s ministry curriculum to be introduced in a future Truth Conference and offered to local churches across the nation to help them teach apologetics to children in their churches.
You can learn more about Local Church Apologetics at localchurchapologetics.org. You can contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please pray for us as we seek to follow the Lord’s calling! Thank you and God bless you!
by Pam Bender
Truth, Why Is It Important?
Picture this scene. You are called to be a witness during a court trial. As you approach the bench, you are instructed by the judge to place your left hand on a Bible, raise your right hand and repeat the following: “I swear to tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help me God”. Apparently, telling the truth in court is of the utmost importance. After all, if you were a witness and someone’s future was determined by your account of what happened wouldn’t you want to give the most accurate (and truthful) account of the events?
Our ministry’s name, “Truth of Genesis,” is a reflection regarding our commitment to being witnesses to the Truth… to the very Word of God. As Christians, we have an awesome and sober responsibility. Our witness could help determine someone’s future by our account of the truth regarding the Lord’s Word, His character, and His desire to have a relationship with the people He loves so dearly.
How do we determine the meaning of truth? Webster’s dictionary defines truth this way:
1. The body of real things, events, and facts
2. The state of being the case
3. A transcendent fundamental or spiritual reality
4. Fidelity to an original or to a standard
The Bible defines truth this way:
1. “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor” Exodus 20:16
2. “For we can do nothing against the truth, but only for the truth” 2 Corinthians 13:8
3. “Sanctify them in the truth; Your Word is truth” John 17:17 (emphasis mine)
4. “A truthful witness saves lives, but a false witness is deceitful.” Proverbs 14:25
Regarding origins (the beginning of the universe), evolutionists have convinced many that their dating methods are sound and that the universe is billions of years old. But is this the truth? If we read Genesis Chapter 1, the Lord Himself has given us His own personal testimony (witness) of how long He took to create the universe. He’s also given us an ancestral timeline from Adam to Jesus, giving us a fairly accurate age for Creation.
So, who’s telling the truth about the origins of the universe? Our perspectives could be, and often are, self-serving. This is called relative truth and isn’t really truth but instead opinion. There are people who willingly deceive others about the origins of the universe because they feel justified in not having to acknowledge the Lord. There is only one witness to how the universe formed (the Lord), which then leads to two choices. We either believe what the Lord says and embrace His Word as truth or reject what He says and thus reject the Lord Himself.
Where do you stand? Do you acknowledge that the Lord created the universe in six days? Do you believe in the fall of man into sin and separation from the Lord? How about the gift of salvation through the death and resurrection of Jesus? Perhaps you choose to embrace evolutionist theories creating a humanistic stronghold in your life. The bible is clear on all these issues: creation, sin, salvation as well as eternity. Remember, our witness could help determine someone’s future by our account of the truth in the court of public opinion regarding God’s Word. We pray that the Lord has opened or will open your eyes to see His truth, and that the truth would set you free. John 8:32